Floating on a blanket of ice, with the majestic Himalayas towering above you on all sides as you make your way through breathtaking gorge landscapes – that’s the Chadar Trek experience in a snapshot. Considered among the toughest and most adventurous treks in India during winter, Chadar attracts hardcore trekkers wanting to push their limits.

If you have the Chadar trek on your bucket list, this comprehensive guide will equip you with everything to undertake this once-in-a-lifetime thrilling journey.

Overview of Chadar Trek 

The Chadar Trek, sheet of ice that forms over the surface of River Zanskar

The Chadar Trek, as the name suggests, involves walking over the ‘Chadar’ or sheet of ice that forms over the surface of River Zanskar in the Ladakh region during peak winters. Owing to harsh and isolated geography, Zanskar Valley remains cut off from the rest of Ladakh during winter months after the roads close. The frozen Zanskar River therefore becomes the only connector for locals to trade supplies between their villages by walking over the thick ice blanket formed over the water.

This very frozen lifeline then becomes the route for one of the most adventurous treks organized for thrill seekers between January to February months every year. The stretch is about 75 km long between Chilling and Nerak villages and usually takes around a week to traverse by foot.

Best Time for Chadar Trek

The only window that allows undertaking the Chadar trek is mid-January to the End of February. This is when the consistency of the ice blanket over River Zanskar would have attained enough density, thickness, and stability to support the weight of trekkers and their belongings. The Chadar can be as thick as one foot in the middle!

The temperatures during Chadar range from Day Time: -15 to -20 degrees Celsius at Night Time: -25 degrees Celsius So carrying plenty of warm nuts and having insulated boots and gloves is an absolute must.

How to Reach for Chadar Trek

By Air: Fly to Leh Airport By Road: Take the road route from Manali/Srinagar to reach Leh Town. From here take a shared or private taxi uphill for a 65 km drive to Chilling Village- the starting point for the Chadar trek.

Stay Arrangements 

The organizer sets up temporary tent house accommodations or cave stays at various halt locations. Thermal mattresses come in handy for comfortable sleep on the cold icy floors inside the tents/caves lined along the Chadar route. Make sure your sleeping bags, down jackets and layered clothing provide enough warmth overnight in sub-zero conditions.

Gears Invest in premium quality winter wear including:

  • Thermal inners & tights
  • Fleece jackets, down jackets
  • Waterproof trek pants & traction shoes
  • Woollen gloves, caps, mufflers
  • LED torches with spare batteries
  • Crampons for stability on ice
  • Trekking poles for balance

Also carry sunscreens, glasses, snacks, power banks, and medicines.

Chadar Trek Itinerary

The Chadar expedition usually covers around 75 km over 6-7 days of intense trekking. Here’s a snapshot of what the day-wise itinerary typically looks like:

Day 1 – Reach Leh -> Acclimatize -> Drive to Chilling (65 km / 3 hours) -> Briefing & overnight stay.
Day 2 – Trek from Chilling to Tilat Do (9 km / 4-5 hours) -> Overnight in caves.
Day 3 – Tilat Do to Gyalpo (17 km / 7-8 hrs) -> Camp overnight.
Day 4 – Gyalpo to Tibb (14 km / 6-7 hours) -> Homestay/tent accommodation.
Day 5 – Tibb to Naerak village (12 km/ 5-6 hours) -> End trek here.
Day 6 – Naerak to Tibb -> Drive back to Leh.
Day 7 – Buffer day for onward journey

As you can see, typical trekking days involve walking anywhere between 5-8 hours carrying full backpacks. Hence being physically fit is critical.

Why Should One Take Up Chadar Trek? 

Clearly, Chadar is NOT for the faint-hearted. So what drives adrenaline junkies to take up this icy adventure?

  • Test your mental and physical limits by enduring extreme conditions.
  • Witness magnificent frozen waterfalls, landscapes rarely seen elsewhere.
  • The isolated trek allows you to find stillness and detox digitally.
  • Experience the warm hospitality of Zanskar locals.
  • Spot rare wildlife species like the elusive snow leopard.
  • Cover trails along the gorgeous deep valleys of Zanskar.
  • Enjoy hot meals and bond with your trek group.
  • Spectacular views of Chadar ice formations.
  • Bucket list experience and lifetime bragging rights!

How to Prepare and What to Expect 

Strictly assess medical fitness before enrollment. Work on muscle flexibility, core and cardio stamina for endurance. Test tolerance by actually sleeping in cold temperatures beforehand. Mentally gear up for very basic washroom facilities en route.

At Chadar expect bone-chilling cold, slipping and falling on ice patches, numb toes even in gloves/socks, minor bruises etc. Follow every instruction of your guide diligently to avoid accidents. Stay hydrated despite low temperatures and minimise alcohol intake.

Finally, go slow. Chadar rewards those who adjust their pace and enjoy the extraordinary vistas around rather than rushing through chaotically – a common mistake trekkers make.

An adventure as epic as Chadar deserves to be checked off from every adrenaline junkie’s wishlist!


The thrilling Chadar Trek enthrals intrepid trekkers who brave subzero temperatures to accomplish the challenging winter trail over the frozen Zanskar River. The chance to conquer icy terrain and breathtaking vistas of towering Himalayan peaks and frozen waterfalls rewards the determined few able to undertake this extreme trans-Himalayan adventure trip spanning over 50 km. Truly a rewarding expedition of a lifetime.

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